The report, titled World at Risk, recommends that the Obama administration appoint a national security aide devoted exclusively to coordinating U.S. intelligence, military and political efforts to curb weapons proliferation.
Other recommendations include:
- better safeguards for uranium and plutonium stockpiles and step up measures against nuclear smuggling rings
- toughen the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
- ensure access to nuclear fuel for countries committed to developing only peaceful atomic technology
- prevent new countries, including Iran and North Korea, from possessing uranium enrichment or plutonium reprocessing capabilities
- urgently tighten security in domestic bio-sphere institutes and laboratories
- call for an international conference of countries with major biotechnology industries
- secure nuclear and biological materials in Pakistan
- constrain a growing Asian arms race
- agree with Russia on extending essential monitoring provisions of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty due to expire in 2009
- create a White House advisory post on weapons of mass destruction proliferation
These threats are "evolving faster than our multi-layered response," says the commission, "our margin of safety is shrinking, not growing."