Astrophysical Fine Tuning, Naturalism, and the Contemporary Design
Mark Walker with Milan M. Cirkovic, in International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 20(3): 285-307, October 22, 2006. Abstract:
Evidence for instances of astrophysical ‘fine tuning’ (or ‘coincidences’ ) is thought by some to lend support to the design argument (i.e. the argument that our universe has been designed by some deity). We assess some of the relevant empirical and conceptual issues. We argue that astrophysical fine tuning calls for some explanation, but this explanation need not appeal to the design argument. A clear and strict separation of the issue of anthropic fine tuning on one hand and any form of Eddingtonian numerology and teleology on the other, may help clarify arguably the most significant issue in the philosophy of cosmology.